The R package DT uses datatables.net as the underlying library for both R notebooks and Shiny applications. In addition to the standard functionalities of the library (display, sort, filtering and row selection), RStudio seems to have implemented cell edition.
If you are looking for Jupyter widgets, have a look at
If you are looking for a table component that will fit in Dash applications, see datatable by Dash.
Please also checkout D-Tale for exploring your Python DataFrames in the browser, using a local server.